Leon E. Popovitz, MD
Top-Rated Orthopedic Surgeon
Specializing in Arthroscopic Surgery of the Shoulder & Knee.
For appointments 212.759.4553

Bunions/Hallux Valgus Deformity


The hallux is the big toe. When the big toe turns in toward the foot, it is known as a hallux valgus deformity. On the outer side of the big toe, the bone then juts out and is known as a bunion.


The main symptom is the pain caused by the bunion. This come from constant friction on shoes and other footwear. The pain and discomfort varies from patient to patient, but it can get quite debilitating for some.


Bunions are caused by genetics, in combination with the affects of shoes. It can be an inherited condition, a congenital deformity, or a change in foot shape as a result of an injury, as well as a genetic predisposition toward developing bunions.


Medications for pain can help alleviate the discomfort of the condition, but are not a long-term solution. Adjusting shoes with inserts or getting a larger shoe may help relieve the pain from the bunion. If the bunion gets to be painful enough, surgery may be required. This surgery is called a bunionectomy and is the removal of the bunion.


Request an Appointment